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Resources for the Historical European Martial Arts (HEMA) student, with a particular focus on the ars gladiatoris of Paulus Hector Mair.

Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Mair's Ringen 106: A Pin [and a Guard*]

Attacker: If you and your opponent both go to the ground, then pin him thus: grab the inside of his right elbow with your left hand, push it away from you, grab his left wrist with your right hand, press the weight of your chest into him and spread his arms apart (see top figure).

Defender: If your opponent pins you, then hook your right leg over his back and your left foot over his right leg, so that you trap him [in your guard] (see bottom figure).

Attacker: To escape [his guard], knee him in the groin with your left leg until he loses his strength and releases you.

*This modern grappling term does not appear in the original text but accurately describes Defender's counter to the pin.

Interpretive translation © 2010 David James Knight.

1 comment:

Skiritai said...

I shouldn't have to state the obvious, but just to be clear, I am using the term "guard" in a general sense. To grapplers, the term "guard" applies to dozens of different positions.

Some people incorrectly use the term "guard" to mean "full guard," which is a type of "closed guard." There are about half a dozen other closed guards. See

Likewise, there are at least eight different "half guards." See

And then there are the ten or so "open guards." Mair's guard probably falls into this category. See

These positions may have different offensive and defensive capabilities, but they're all "guards."